Agra Fort is an ancient fort in the city of Agra in India. It was the primary home of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty until 1638 when the capital moved from Agra to Delhi. Before occupation by the British, the last Indian rulers to have conquered it was the Marathas. In 1983, the Agra fort listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is about 2.7 km northwest of its more prominent sister building, the Taj Mahal. The forefront can more precisely describe as a walled city.
The early Mughal rulers had adopted it. The Red Fort stood on an old site and was traditionally known as Badalgarh. Ghaznavi conquered it for some time, but in the 15th century A.D., the Chauhan Rajputs occupied it. Soon after, Agra considered the status of capital when Sikandar Lodi (A.D. 1487-1517) moved his capital from Delhi and built a few constructions in the pre-existing Fort at Agra. After the first fight of Panipat (A.D. 1526) Mughals captured the Agra Fort and ruled from it. In A.D. 1530, Humayun crowned in it. The Red Fort got its present appearance during the reign of Akbar (A.D. 1556-1605).
After the First Campaign of Panipat in 1526, Babur visited in the fort, in the castle of Ibrahim Lodi. He later built a baoli (stepwell) in it. His heir, Humayun, was honoured in the fort in 1530. He was beaten at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah Suri. The fort continued with the Suris till 1555, when Humayun regained it. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and pursued its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of Tughlaqabad.
You Also like to read What to see in Agra in one day