The Taj Mahal or Mumtaj Mahal is Crown of the Palace made of white marble tomb on the south edge of the Yamuna river in India’s city of Agra. It was approved in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; Later Emperor Shah Jahan also buried next to her. The monument is the centerpiece of a 17-hectare (42-acre) complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and set in formal gardens surrounded on three sides by a crenelated wall.
Construction of the mausoleum substantially completed in 1643, but work continued on other phases of the project for another ten years. The Taj Mahal complex believed to have been built in its whole in 1653 at a price estimated at the time to be around 30 million rupees, which in 2018 would be approximately 60 billion rupees (the U.S. $950 million Approx.). The architecture project engaged some 20,000 inlay worker, artesian under the supervision of a board of architects headed by the Mughal court to the Emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
The Taj Mahal was assigned as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage“. It is appreciated by numerous as the most excellent example of Mughal building & a symbol of India’s great past. The Taj Mahal interests 7–8 million visitors a year, and in 2007, it announced a victor of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.