Tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah (I’timād-ud-Daulah Maqbara) is a Mughal mausoleum within the city of Agra. Often defined as a “jewel box”, sometimes called the “Baby Taj”, the tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah has usually reflected a draft of the Taj Mahal. Along with the most building, the structure consists of various outbuildings and gardens. The monument, built within 1622 and 1628, describes a transition between the first phase of majestic Mughal architecture. Constructed initially from red sandstone with marble designs, as in Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi and Great Akbar’s tomb in Sikandra about 20 km from Agra – to its second phase, supported White Solid Marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized within the Taj Mahal.
The tomb was built by Noor Jahan a wife of Jahangir, for her father, Mirza Ghiyas Baig. Formerly a Persian Amir in exile, who had given the title of I’timād-ud-Daulah (pillar of the nation). Ghiyas Beg was also the grandfather of Arjumand Bano better known for title Mumtāz Mahāl, the wife of the emperor Shah Jahan, liable for the development of the Taj Mahal. Nur Jahan was also responsible for the event of the Tomb of Jahangir in Lahore. It’s noticeable for the primary use of pietra dura (floral design made from semiprecious stone) technique.
Positioned on the eastern bank of the Yamuna River, the tomb is about during a big cruciform garden crisscrossed by stream courses and walkways. The monument itself covers about twenty-three meters square and made on a base of about 50 meters square and about 1 meter high. On each corner are hexagonal pillars, about 13 meters tall.